Europe

List of European countries by area

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Below is a list of most states in Europe, in order of geographical area. Europe’s total geographical area is about ten million square kilometres.[1]

Some states (marked *) are only partially located in Europe. Those are ranked according to the size of their European part only.

The list includes only sovereign states.

Inland water is included in areaEuropean states by area (top 12).[citation needed]

  Russia (39.0%)
  Ukraine (5.9%)
  France (5.4%)
  Spain (4.9%)
  Sweden (4.4%)
  Norway (3.8%)
  Germany (3.5%)
  Finland (3.3%)
  Poland (3.1%)
  Italy (3.0%)
  United Kingdom (2.4%)
  Romania (2.3%)
  Other (19%)

List of European countries by area

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Below is a list of most states in Europe, in order of geographical area. Europe’s total geographical area is about ten million square kilometres.

Some states (marked *) are only partially located in Europe. Those are ranked according to the size of their European part only.

The list includes only sovereign states.

Inland water is included in area numbers.

European states by area (top 12).[citation needed]

  Russia (39.0%)
  Ukraine (5.9%)
  France (5.4%)
  Spain (4.9%)
  Sweden (4.4%)
  Norway (3.8%)
  Germany (3.5%)
  Finland (3.3%)
  Poland (3.1%)
  Italy (3.0%)
  United Kingdom (2.4%)
  Romania (2.3%)
  Other (19%)
Rank State Total area (km2) Total area (sq mi) Notes
1  Russia* 3,995,200 1,542,600 17,098,242 km2 (6,601,668 sq mi) including Siberia
2  Ukraine 603,628 233,062
3  France* 551,695 213,011 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) when the overseas departments are included.
4  Spain* 498,511 192,476 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi) when the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla are included.
5  Sweden 450,295 173,860
6  Norway 385,178 148,718 This includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen.If they are excluded, continental Norway is 323,779 km2 (125,012 sq mi) in area.
7  Germany 357,386 137,988
8  Finland 338,145 130,559
9  Poland 312,685 120,728
10  Italy 301,338 116,347
11  United Kingdom* 242,495 93,628 Not including British Overseas Territories.
12  Romania 238,397 92,046
13  Belarus 207,600 80,200
14  Kazakhstan* 148,000 57,000 Territory west of the Ural River is counted as in Europe; 2,724,902 km2 (1,052,091 sq mi) including Asian part
15  Greece 131,940 50,940
16  Bulgaria 110,994 42,855
17  Iceland 102,775 39,682
18  Hungary 93,030 35,920
19  Portugal 91,568 35,355 Measurement includes the Azores Islands and the Madeira Archipelago. If they are excluded, continental Portugal is 88,416 km2 (34,138 sq mi) in area.
20  Austria 83,858 32,378
21  Czechia 78,866 30,450
22  Serbia 77,453 29,905 88,361 km2 (34,116 sq mi) including Kosovo
23  Ireland 70,273 27,133
24  Lithuania 65,300 25,200
25  Latvia 64,589 24,938
26  Croatia 56,594 21,851
27  Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129 19,741
28  Slovakia 49,036 18,933
29  Estonia 45,339 17,505
30  Denmark* 44,493 17,179 Measurement includes the Faroe Islands; 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi) including Greenland; continental Denmark is 43,094 km2 (16,639 sq mi) in area.
31  Switzerland 41,290 15,940
32  Netherlands* 41,198 15,907 Excluding Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten; combined into the Kingdom of the Netherlands, its total area is 42,531 km2 (16,421 sq mi).
33  Moldova 33,846 13,068
34  Belgium 30,510 11,780
35  Armenia* 29,743 11,484 Sometimes considered part of Asia
36  Albania 28,748 11,100
37  North Macedonia 25,713 9,928
38  Turkey* 23,764 9,175 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi) including Asian part
39  Slovenia 20,273 7,827
40  Montenegro 13,812 5,333
41  Kosovo 10,887 4,203 Partially recognised state
42  Azerbaijan* 6,960 2,690 86,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi) including Asian part
43  Cyprus 5,896 2,276 A Mediterranean island near Turkey in the Middle East; does not have sovereignty over the whole of the island of Cyprus.
44  Luxembourg 2,586 998
45  Georgia* 2,428 937 69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) including Asian part
46  Andorra 468 181
47  Malta 316 122
48  Liechtenstein 160 62
49  San Marino 61 24
50  Monaco 2 0.77
51  Vatican City 0.44 0.17

Europian Union

The 27 member countries of the EU

By alphabetical order
By year of entry

All EU member countries in brief

Countries using the euro

The euro (€) is the official currency of 19 out of 27 EU countries. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone.

Which countries use the euro?

Members of the Schengen border-free area

The Schengen Area is one of the greatest achievements of the EU. It is an area without internal borders, an area within which citizens, many non-EU nationals, business people and tourists can freely circulate without being subjected to border checks. Since 1985, it has gradually grown and encompasses today almost all EU countries and a few associated non-EU countries.

While having abolished their internal borders, Schengen States have also tightened controls at their common external border on the basis of Schengen rules to ensure the security of those living or travelling in the Schengen Area.

List of countries in Schengen area

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland

Joining the EU

Becoming a member of the EU is a complex procedure which does not happen overnight. Once an applicant country meets the conditions for membership, it must implement EU rules and regulations in all areas.

Any country that satisfies the conditions for membership can apply. These conditions are known as the ‘Copenhagen criteria’ and include a free-market economy, a stable democracy and the rule of law, and the acceptance of all EU legislation, including of the euro.

A country wishing to join the EU submits a membership application to the Council, which asks the Commission to assess the applicant’s ability to meet the Copenhagen criteria. If the Commission’s opinion is positive, the Council must then agree upon a negotiating mandate. Negotiations are then formally opened on a subject-by-subject basis.

Due to the huge volume of EU rules and regulations each candidate country must adopt as national law, the negotiations take time to complete. The candidates are supported financially, administratively and technically during this pre-accession period.

Candidate countries

These countries are in the process of ‘transposing’ (or integrating) EU legislation into national law:

Potential candidates

Potential candidate countries do not yet fulfil the requirements for EU membership:

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Kosovo*
    * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/99 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.

More about enlargement

Other European countries

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